Panel of tests for iron deficiency anaemia
Complete blood count – The CBC gives information about the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets alongwith the hematocrit and the indices in your blood. The correlation of all these parameters give clues to the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia.
Iron tests are groups of clinical chemistry laboratory blood tests that are used to evaluate body iron stores or the iron level in blood serum.
The tests performed tends to identify various causes, they include:
Serum iron – This test helps to know the level of iron in the blood.
Total-iron binding capacity (TIBC) – This test helps to measure the proteins in the blood that are available to bind with iron, including transferrin. They help to transport iron in the body. A rise in transferring levels are seen when there are low levels of iron in the body.
Unsaturated iron-binding capacity (UIBC) – This test helps to measure the reserve capacity of transferrin, the portion of transferrin that has not yet been saturated.
Transferrin saturation – In this test the percentage of the transferrin that is saturated with iron is calculated.
Serum ferritin – This test presents the amount of stored iron in the body; ferritin is the main storage protein for iron.
Note: A low iron with a high transferrin or TIBC is usually due to iron deficiency. In chronic diseases, both iron and transferrin or TIBC are typically low.