Dysentery

Dysentry is an intestinal inflammation, primarily of the colon. It can lead to mild or severe stomach cramps and severe diarrhea with mucus or blood in the feces. Without adequate hydration, it can be fatal. Infection with the Shigella bacillus, or bacterium, is the most common cause.

Symptoms

The symptoms of dysentery range from mild to severe, largely depending on the quality of sanitation in the areas where infection has spread. In developed countries, signs and symptoms of dysentery tend to be milder than in developing nations or tropical areas.

Mild symptoms include:

Stomach Pain

A slight stomach-ache

Cramping

Diarrhoea

Diarrhea

Prevention

Drink boiled water

Safe water supply

Personal Hygiene

Hygiene

Safe excreta disposal

Health education

Treatment

Laboratory results will reveal whether the infection is due to Shigella or Entamoeba histolyca infection. However, any patient with diarrhea or vomiting should drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. If they are unable to drink, or if diarrhea and vomiting are profuse, intravenous (IV) fluid replacement may be necessary. The patient will be placed on a drip and monitored.

Treatment for mild bacillary dysentery

Mild bacillary dysentery, the kind commonly found in developed countries with good sanitation, will normally resolve without treatment.

However, the patient should drink plenty of fluids. In more severe cases, antibiotic drugs are available.

Treatment for amoebic dysentery

Amoebicidal medications are used to treat Entamoeba histolyca. These will ensure that the amoeba does not survive inside the body after symptoms have resolved.