Take care of your heart. Don’t let it fall apart..
Heart disease is an umbrella term for any type of disorder that affects the heart. Heart disease means the same as cardiac disease.
One of the reasons heart disease is such a deadly enemy is that many people lack of awareness of its more subtle signs and symptoms, It can be prevented or even reversed.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the thinning or blockage of the coronary arteries, usually caused by atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis (sometimes called “hardening” or “clogging” of the arteries) is the buildup of cholesterol and fatty deposits (called plaques) on the inner walls of the arteries. These deposits can restrict blood flow to the heart muscle by clogging the artery. This results in reduced supply of blood to the heart, thus starving the heart of oxygen and the vital nutrients it requires to work properly.
Symptoms of Heart Disease
The most common feature of CHD is chest pain (angina) and heart attack. Generally pain occurs when the heart is not getting enough blood or oxygen. The intensity of pain is varies from person to person.
Chest pain / Heavy heart / Feeling of being squeezed
Uneasy feeling under breast bone , neck, arms, stomach, or upper back
Other symptoms include shortness of breath and fatigue with activity (exertion). Women, elderly people, and people with diabetes are more likely to have symptoms other than chest pain, such as:
Shortness of breath
Risk factors associated with the conditions are:
Having a family history of CHD – the risk is increased
High cholesterol levels in the blood
Management of heart disease
Avoid consumption of fats
Exercise such as walking, jogging, or swimming
Decrease psychosocial stress
This is just for the understanding of health. For proper diagnosis and treatment, one should refer to the physician.
Prevention of heart disease
Eat a healthy, balanced diet
Low-fat, high-fibre diet
Be more physically active
Maintain healthy weight
- Eat a healthy, balanced diet.
- Low-fat, high-fibre diet is recommended, including plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables and whole grains.
- Be more physically active. Healthy diet with regular exercise is the best way of maintaining a healthy weight.
- Having a healthy weight reduces chances of developing high blood pressure.
- Keep blood pressure under control by eating a healthy diet low in saturated fat, exercising regularly, and, if required, taking the appropriate medication to lower blood pressure.