Disease Banners - Heart Diseases

Heart Disease

Take care of your heart. Don’t let it fall apart..

Heart disease is an umbrella term for any type of disorder that affects the heart. Heart disease means the same as cardiac disease.

Heart Disease

One of the reasons heart disease is such a deadly enemy is that many people lack of awareness of its more subtle signs and symptoms, It can be prevented or even reversed.

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the thinning or blockage of the coronary arteries, usually caused by atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis (sometimes called “hardening” or “clogging” of the arteries) is the buildup of cholesterol and fatty deposits (called plaques) on the inner walls of the arteries. These deposits can restrict blood flow to the heart muscle by clogging the artery. This results in reduced supply of blood to the heart, thus starving the heart of oxygen and the vital nutrients it requires to work properly.

Symptoms of Heart Disease

The most common feature of CHD is chest pain (angina) and heart attack. Generally pain occurs when the heart is not getting enough blood or oxygen. The intensity of pain is varies from person to person.

Chest pain or squeezing the heart

Chest pain / Heavy heart / Feeling of being squeezed

Uneasy feeling under breast bone , neck, arms, stomach, or upper back

Uneasy feeling under breast bone , neck, arms, stomach, or upper back

Other symptoms include shortness of breath and fatigue with activity (exertion). Women, elderly people, and people with diabetes are more likely to have symptoms other than chest pain, such as:

General weakness

General weakness

Fatigue

Fatigue

Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath

Causes

Risk factors associated with the conditions are:

Smoking

Smoking

Obesity

Obesity

Stress

Stress

Hypertension

Hypertension

Sedentary lifestyle

Sedentary lifestyle

Diabetes

Diabetes

Having a family history of CHD

Having a family history of CHD – the risk is increased

High cholesterol levels in the blood

High cholesterol levels in the blood

Management of heart disease

Lifestyle Measures:

Weight control

Weight control

Avoid Smoking

Avoid Smoking

Avoid consumption of fats

Avoid consumption of fats

Exercise such as walking, jogging, or swimming

Exercise such as walking, jogging, or swimming

Decrease psychosocial stress

Decrease psychosocial stress

This is just for the understanding of health. For proper diagnosis and treatment, one should refer to the physician.

Prevention of heart disease

Eat a healthy, balanced diet

Eat a healthy, balanced diet

Low-fat, high-fibre diet

Low-fat, high-fibre diet

Be more physically active

Be more physically active

Maintain healthy weight

Maintain healthy weight

  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet.
  • Low-fat, high-fibre diet is recommended, including plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables and whole grains.
  • Be more physically active. Healthy diet with regular exercise is the best way of maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Having a healthy weight reduces chances of developing high blood pressure.
  • Keep blood pressure under control by eating a healthy diet low in saturated fat, exercising regularly, and, if required, taking the appropriate medication to lower blood pressure.