Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease i.e spread from animals to humans, caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira.
It is spread through the urine, stool and reproductive fluids of infected animals, especially rats.
The heavy rains add to the risk of these contaminants flowing into puddles, soil and other areas where people frequently engage.
The bacteria enter a human’s body through cuts, abrasions or through the mouth and nose (mucous membranes).
A healthy guide to avoid Leptospirosis this Monsoon:
- People who participate in outdoor activities such as camping or kayaking are also at higher risk for infection
- occupational exposure for people who work in farms with farm animals, wild animals, and to contaminated water and soil (farmers, slaughterhouse workers, veterinarians, miners, military personnel, disaster workers, and victims, for example).
- Any exposure to sewage or animal waste, including stools from infected dogs, increases the risk of getting leptospirosis.
- Heavy rainfall may cause the bacterial infection to increase in a population that experiences flooding.
- Never allow water to stagnate in your house, contaminated water is an evil. this is the place where mosquitoes breed.