Male Infertility…

it’s more common than you thought!

What is Infertility?

World Health Organization defines infertility as “a disease of the reproductive system not permitting to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.”

5-8%

Individuals attempting parenthood are likely to be infertile

40%

Cases where infertility is found in men.

40%

Cases where infertility is found in women.

20%

Cases where infertility can be in both the partners,male and female.

Normal Sperm Count

 

The normal semen volume varies from 1.5 to 5 ml per ejaculation

The sperm count varies from 20 to 150 million sperm per ml

About 60% of the sperm have normal shape and forward movement

 Causes

Bad food habits leading to Zinc Deficiency

Excessive Smoking & Drinking

Usage of Drugs

Tight Underpants

Stress/Exhaustion

Obesity

What are the Symptoms?

  • There may be no outward signs or symptoms
  • Inability to conceive despite having unprotected sex for one year
  • Abnormal periods, longer than 35 days or shorter than 21 days
  • Decreased facial or body hair
  • Inability to smell
  • Recurrent respiratory infections
  • Abnormal breast growth (Gynecomastia)
  • Reduced sexual desire or difficulty in maintaining an erection
  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
  • Difficulty with ejaculation or small volumes of fluid ejaculated

Diagnosing Male Infertility Early

Correct and early diagnosing of the root cause helps doctor in deciding the treatment modality.

Laboratory Tests

Urine Analysis (Urinalysis):
To detect presence of infection in urinary tract, kidney disease and diabetes. Urinalysis is done for both the partners.

Semen Evaluation:
The evaluation assesses Volume of Ejaculate, Sperm Count, Sperm Motility, Shape, Maturity, and Liquidity of the ejaculate

Hormone Levels:
Evaluation of Testosterone, FSH, LH and Prolactin to assess overall balance of hormonal system and state of sperm production.

Anti-sperm Antibodies Test:
The presence of antibodies may suggest impaired sperm function

DNA Fragmentation:
This is an effective method for assessing DNA damage and measures the susceptibility of sperm DNA to denaturation when exposed to heat or acids.

Some Facts

  • A man with a high sex drive does not necessarily mean will have normal sperm count and sperm function.
  • Female infertility is easier to understand as in majority of the cases the problem is easy to recognise.
  • Infertility in men is more difficult to diagnose and cure.
  • Stressful relationship between the couple or in the family can complicate diagnosis and treatment of infertility

About Aspira

Aspira is India’s first fully automated pathlab and diagnostic centre, that lets patients and customers interact with the process at every stage through its advanced IT System and Analytics. You can trust Aspira to provide accurate reports with faster turnaround time, that can help quick-start the doctor’s treatment.

We at Aspira, process each sample with utmost care. We offer full diagnostic services in the area of Andrology. Stringent quality control measures and CASA software working on barcoded samples ensures reliable results with complete traceability. Aspira’s integrated digital system enables you to track your sample and retrive reports from any connected device.