Male Infertility

Male Infertility…

it’s more common than you thought!

What is Infertility?

World Health Organization defines infertility as “Male Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system not permitting to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.”


Individuals attempting parenthood are likely to be infertile


Cases where infertility is found in men.


Cases where infertility is found in women.


Cases where infertility can be in both the partners,male and female.

Normal Sperm Count

Normal Sperm Count

The normal semen volume varies from 1.5 to 5 ml per ejaculation

Average Sperm Count

The sperm count varies from 20 to 150 million sperm per ml

Sperm Shape and Movement

About 60% of the sperm have normal shape and forward movement


Bad food habits leading to Zinc Deficiency

Bad food habits leading to Zinc Deficiency

Excessive Smoking & Drinking

Excessive Smoking & Drinking

Usage of Drugs

Usage of Drugs

Tight Underpants

Tight Underpants





What are the Symptoms of Male Infertility?

  • There may be no outward signs or symptoms
  • Inability to conceive despite having unprotected sex for one year
  • Decreased facial or body hair
  • Inability to smell
  • Recurrent respiratory infections
  • Abnormal breast growth (Gynecomastia)
  • Reduced sexual desire or difficulty in maintaining an erection
  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
  • Difficulty with ejaculation or small volumes of fluid ejaculated

Symptoms of Male Infertility

Some Facts

  • A man with a high sex drive does not necessarily mean will have normal sperm count and sperm function.
  • Female infertility is easier to understand as in majority of the cases the problem is easy to recognise.
  • Infertility in men is more difficult to diagnose and cure.
  • Stressful relationship between the couple or in the family can complicate diagnosis and treatment of infertility

Diagnosing Male Infertility Early

Correct and early diagnosing of the root cause helps doctor in deciding the treatment modality.

Laboratory Tests

Urine Analysis

Urine Analysis (Urinalysis):
To detect presence of infection in urinary tract, kidney disease and diabetes. Urinalysis is done for both the partners.

Semen Evaluation

Semen Evaluation:
The evaluation assesses Volume of Ejaculate, Sperm Count, Sperm Motility, Shape, Maturity, and Liquidity of the ejaculate

Hormone Levels

Hormone Levels:
Evaluation of Testosterone, FSH, LH and Prolactin to assess overall balance of hormonal system and state of sperm production.

Seminal Fructose Test

Seminal Fructose Test:

 To identify if Fructose is being added properly to the semen by the seminal vesicles. Absence of Fructose may suggest either absence or obstruction of seminal vesicles.

Anti-sperm Antibodies Test

Anti-sperm Antibodies Test:
The presence of antibodies may suggest impaired sperm function

DNA Fragmentation:
This is an effective method for assessing DNA damage and measures the susceptibility of sperm DNA to denaturation when exposed to heat or acids.

About Aspira

Aspira is India’s first fully automated pathlab and diagnostic centre, that lets patients and customers interact with the process at every stage through its advanced IT System and Analytics. You can trust Aspira to provide accurate reports with faster turnaround time, that can help quick-start the doctor’s treatment.

We at Aspira, process each sample with utmost care. We offer full diagnostic services in the area of Andrology. Stringent quality control measures and CASA software working on barcoded samples ensures reliable results with complete traceability. Aspira’s integrated digital system enables you to track your sample and retrive reports from any connected device.