Panel for Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes testing is performed to check for hyperglycemia, presence of diabetes or prediabetes and for monitoring and regulating glucose levels.
Tests are performed when:
- In case of symptoms of diabetes
- Risk factors found associated with diabetes
- Regulating and monitoring glucose levels
- Acute condition observed in emergency patient
Fasting Blood sugar – This test measures the level of glucose in the blood after an 8-12 hour fast.
Post prandial blood sugar – This tests the level of glucose two hours after lunch.
HbA1c(Glycosylated hemoglobin) – This test evaluates the average amount of glucose in the blood over the last 2 to 3 months.
Insulin levels – This test is performed to evaluate insulin production; to diagnose the presence of an insulin-producing tumor; to determine the cause of low blood glucose; to identify insulin resistance or to determine the severity of diabetes.
C-peptide – This test can be done when diabetes has just been found and it is not clear whether type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes is present. A person whose pancreas does not make any insulin (type 1 diabetes) has a low level of insulin and C-peptide. A person with type 2 diabetes can have a normal or high level of C-peptide.
*These tests are basically used to monitor the blood sugar levels