Panel of test to predict the cardiovascular disorders

Lipid profile

This is performed to assess the risk of cardiac disease and assist in making decisions about treatment to be given for individuals with borderline or high cardiac risk.

It includes below tests:

  • Total cholesterol test
  • High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) test. It is also called good cholesterol.
  • Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) test. It is also called bad cholesterol.
  • Triglycerides test
  • Very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) test
  • HLD/LDL ratio: LDL is the “bad” cholesterol as it transports cholesterol and fat from the liver into the bloodstream, where it can clog arteries. HDL is the “good” cholesterol as it transports cholesterol from the blood back to the liver. A low LDL-to-HDL ratio is considered positive as it reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Non HDL Cholesterol

Note: Raised LDL and reduced HDL are the risk factors for Cardiovascular disease

Lipid profile is recommended in below conditions:

  • Regular testing of healthy adults with no other risk of heart disease, once every four to six years.
  • High cholesterol level in the past
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Overweight or obese
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Physically inactive people
  • For males of 45 years or older or a females of 50-55 years or older
  • Hypertension
  • Family history of premature heart disease
  • Pre-existing heart disease
  • Already having had a heart attack
  • Diabetes or prediabetes