Test Overview – A complete blood count (CBC) test accounts for all the cells that make up your blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

White blood cells (WBCs) help to fight infections. An elevated level may indicate infection or inflammation in the body.

RBCs (red blood cell count) donate the number of red blood cells and is a critical measure as they are responsible for transporting oxygen through the body.

Haemoglobin is the protein that holds oxygen and is of critical importance in the body.

Haematocrit checks the portion of your blood that comprises of red blood cells.

Platelets play an important role in clotting.

An erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) test helps check for signs of inflammation in the form of abnormal proteins in the blood.

When is it recommended? – Anytime

Diagnostic ailment – Anaemia, Malaria, Eosinophila, Leukaemia, Arthritis

Significance – These are routine tests that help provide your doctor with an indication if something is wrong. In case either of these values are significantly amiss, the doctor may order for more tests.

What does the test result mean? – CBC: White blood cells (WBCs) normal range is 4,500 to 10,000 cells/mcL

RBC (red blood cell count) normal range for men is 5 million to 6 million cells/mcL and for women it’s 4 million to 5 million cells/mcL.

Hb (hemoglobin) normal range for men is 14 to 17 gm/dL and for women it’s 12 to 15 gm/dL.

Hct (hematocrit) normal range for men is between 41% and 50% and for women its between 36% and 44%.

Platelets normal range is 140,000 to 450,000 cells/mcL

ESR: For men – 0-15 mm/hr to 0-20 mm/hr and for women 0-20 mm/hr/ to 0-30mm/hr.

These are reference ranges and can differ from lab to lab or as per one’s case history.

Special Instructions – As per doctor’s discretion.