TSH test (Screening )
The amount of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in the blood is measured by this test. The role of TSH is to inform thyroid gland to form and release the thyroid hormones in the blood.
This test is recommended to:
Diagnose a thyroid disorder
Check for an underactive thyroid in newborns
Monitor thyroid replacement therapy
Monitor anti-thyroid treatment
Check for infertility issues in women
T3, T4, Free T3 and T4 tests:(Screening)
Thyroid gland produces hormones which are called T3 and T4. Their role is in regulation of usage of energy in the body. Major amount of these hormones are bound to protein and a small percentage is free.
This paned is recommended:
In case of symptoms presenting hypo- or hyperthyroidism.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism:
- Weight gain
- Dry skin
- Cold intolerance
- Puffy skin
- Hair loss
- Menstrual irregularity in women
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism:
- Increased heart rate
- Weight loss
- Difficulty sleeping
- Tremors in the hands
- Bulging eyes
Antithyroid peroxidase(TPO)/Antimicrosomal antibodies:( Screening)
The objective of this test is to diagnose an autoimmune thyroid disease as well as to differentiate it from other thyroid disorders. The development of antithyroid peroxidase takes place when immune system by mistake targets the components of thyroid gland. This results in chronic inflammation of the thyroid, tissue damage, and/or disruption of thyroid function.
This test is asked when abnormal results are obtained in TSH and/or free T4 tests. Also, when there are symptoms of low or high level of thyroid hormones or the presence of a goiter. Particularly, if the cause is supposed to be an autoimmune disease.
Anti thyroid antibody:This antibody targets thyroglobulin, the storage form of thyroid hormones and is elevated in the autoimmune disorders of thyroid.