During pregnancy, there are chances that the fetus might get infections from the mother. This needs to be detected early so as to prevent any complications. TORCH  detects  the same

TORCH is an acronym of the five infections covered in the screening:

  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Other diseases HIV, syphilis, and measles
  • Rubella (German measles)
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Herpes simplex

A TORCH screen is typically performed when a woman shows symptoms of any of these diseases during pregnancy. These particular diseases can cross the placenta and cause birth defects in the newborn, including:

  • Cataracts
  • Deafness
  • Intellectual disability
  • Heart problems
  • Seizures
  • Jaundice
  • Low platelet levels

The test screens for antibodies to infectious diseases. Antibodies are proteins that recognize and destroy harmful substances, such as viruses and bacteria. The presence of certain antibodies usually indicates a current or recent infection.