A healthy thyroid gland ensures the proper functioning the heart, brain, liver, kidneys and skin! learn how…
Thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck & Thyroid disorders are conditions that affect the thyroid gland. The thyroid has important roles to regulate numerous metabolic processes throughout the body. Different types of thyroid disorders affect either its structure or function.
Symptoms of Thyroid
Symptoms associated with conditions like hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism
Dry and scaly skin
Causes of Thyroid
The most common cause of goitre is Iodine deficiency. It is one of the leading causes of hypothyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism (Overactive thyroid gland):
Goitre can develop if the thyroid gland becomes overactive (hyperthyroidism), leading to too much thyroid hormones being produced. Increased hormone production will over-stimulate the thyroid gland and causes it to enlarge.The leading cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves’ disease. Graves’ disease causes immune system (the body’s natural defense system) to send antibodies (proteins that fight infections) to the thyroid gland. The antibodies stimulate the thyroid gland, causing an increased amount of thyroid hormones to be released.
Hyporthyroidism (Underactive thyroid gland):
Goitre can also develop if the thyroid gland becomes underactive (hypothyroidism). Underactive thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones, the body will stimulate it to produce more. This can cause the thyroid gland to enlarge. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease causing hypothyroidism.
Prevention of Thyroid
Healthy nutritious food
Cut down on foods with high sugar and fat
Regular exercise reduces stress
Take your medication
Watch your supplements
Management of Thyroid ‘Goitre’
The management of Goitre will depend upon whether the patient is suffering from hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
Ask Your Doctor
- How often should I have my thyroid hormone levels checked?
- How will changes in my health affect my thyroid medication?
- Should I avoid certain foods or supplements?
- Can I take a natural thyroid hormone?
Iodine supplements: The regular consumption of iodated salt provides protection from goitre due to hypothyroidism.
Surgery: If goitre interferes with breathing or swallowing, and has not responded to other forms of treatment, surgery may be required to remove part, or all of your thyroid gland.